Simple Gedmatch Ethnicity Estimate/Admixture (Heritage) Instructions

by Isabel Crabtree, Lay Genetic Genealogist

IPaypalme logof you have found this guide helpful, please consider making a donation. As a volunteer in the genealogy world I help others but do not charge for my services. Thank you.

A word about Ethnicity estimates in general.
Being an amateur genetic genealogist I have learned a lot from other helpful people and so must pass on their words here. I have been told to take all of these estimates with a large grain of salt. Some people do not think they are very good, partly because the science is new, or the samples used to compare to may not be what’s really required (like with Native American DNA) or some may just not like what the estimates show. 
Native DNA is still problematic in that the tribes people in the US generally want to know about have not tested or have not made tests public, and many tribal people today are a great mixture of Native and other DNA and so may not show as much Native as they think. Also tribes that have tested tend to have been chosen for their remoteness and in North America, there are no remote tribes left. So the DNA samples that are most often used are South American, Siberian etc. Frequently some people of some tribes in North America are showing up with East Asian DNA. This can be a sign of Native ancestry as can Siberian, especially if you have no other Asian ancestry. So again, all of these are reasons to take these with a grain of salt. 
On the other hand I have found them to be extremely accurate and very helpful in making solid connections where I have already had some paper trail. So please take this into consideration.

A word about Ethnicity Estimates and specific Projects:

Please note as far as I understand it, some of these tests were made specifically to look at people in a specific area of the world-for example MDLP is for people in Lithuania and HarappaWorld is for people in South Asia. You CAN use these tests to look at your own results, especially if you know you have some DNA from those areas. 
For example a mostly white person with a small amount of African DNA can use Ethiohelix (K10 + French) to look more closely at their African bits, while disregarding all of the white DNA as “French” in that test…Specific tests within the projects can help look at things like Asian, Japanese, African, and Ashkenazi. But please remember, this is like looking at the same scene (your DNA) through different colored glasses. The result is still the same but the interpretation “language” may differ.


You must already have your raw DNA input into Gedmatch and have received a kit number. Frequently it will let you have a number and do simple comparisons immediately after upload, but may take several days to “batch process” so you can run “One to Many” comparisons.
To see how to download raw data from Ancestry and into Gedmatch check

or for a video tutorial, click here:
You can also Google how to do this from 23andMe, FTDNA etc.


To run an Ethnicity Estimate:

  1. Log into Gedmatch.
  2. From the homepage click on the “Admixture (heritage)”  link in the “Analyze Your Data” section of the middle right (blue) column.
  3. This will take you to a page with the heading “Admixture Utilities”.screen-shot-2016-11-06-at-11-21-41-pm
  4. From the drop-down menu, choose the project you would like to use to analyze your data. A simple one to begin with is Eurogenes because most people have some European DNA and this uses simple categories for ethnicity.
  5. To start with you want to leave the default button on  “Admixture Proportions”. This will give you the classic “Pie Chart”.
  6. Click Continue.
  7. Enter your kit number in the first box. Leave the default at Eurogenes K13.
  8. Click Continue.
  9. It should take just a moment or two for your Pie Chart to come up.
    That will be a general estimate of your ethnic breakdown. 
(Note: The Oracle buttons and spreadsheet button are another discussion for another day.)screen-shot-2016-11-06-at-10-18-17-pm


IPaypalme logof you have found this guide helpful, please consider making a donation. As a volunteer in the genealogy world I help others but do not charge for my services. Thank you.


A little more about Eurogenes K13 designations:
If you would like to understand a little more deeply what Eurogenes K13 designations mean there is a spreadsheet here:

As close as I can come to explaining is this:
Say for example you’d like to know what one of these categories “really” means-who did they test? This spreadsheet lists all of the populations tested in alphabetical order. But to change the order to see for example what the Baltic population really is, try this:


  1. Go to the letter above the Baltic column and to the right of the C click the drop-down arrow.
  2. Sort from Z – A.




What you will see is now the entire list, ordered by which population occurs most in the Baltic category.





NOTE: This does not mean that your ancestor is Motala12 or Lithuanian. They MAY BE something lower down on the chart but all this chart is saying is that TODAY the highest concentration of the DNA that you show that they can identify as “Baltic” is found in Motala12, KO1 and Lithuania. The highest percentage is the most likely to be what your DNA is. It can vary drastically because no one stays in one place anymore and haven’t for hundreds if not thousands of years.

A final note about percentages
What if say, you have a Native American ancestor but do NOT show any Amerindian on the Pie Chart? 
First, everyone tells new folks to read this:
The short answer is any DNA is yours by random chance and a particular line can totally wash out within a very few generations…

If you want to look more closely to see if you have ANY of a particular DNA, you can also  go back to the Admixture Utilities page and do the following:

  1. Click the button that says “Admixture Proportions by Chromosome”.  Use Eurogenes again.
  2. Click Continue.
  3. Enter your kit number, leave it on Eurogenes K13
  4. Click Continue.


This will take a little longer but what you will end up with is a chromosome by  chromosome breakdown of what DNA you have. Something may be so small in totality that it did not show up on the pie chart, but you may still see it on individual chromosomes.

On the examples given (same kit number), notice South Asian does not appear on the pie chart, but appears on several chromosomes in the detailed breakdown.
This can help you to track down ancestors with particular ancestry, using Chromosome painting and Matching Segment Search. (Future posts for another day).

These are but a few things you can accomplish on Gedmatch. You can’t hurt this website, so once you get your kit number, play around, click every link and see what happens…That’s exactly how I learned.

And, by the way, Gedmatch is run by awesome people who do a lot of work for little to no money and there’s no advertising and no big annual fees. So please scroll to the bottom of the home page and send them a donation or sign up for a monthly one. $10 a month with get you use of Tier 1 tools.

IPaypalme logof you have found this guide helpful, please consider making a donation. As a volunteer in the genealogy world I help others but do not charge for my services. Thank you.


Eleanor Allen Schrepel-From Ireland to the Mormon Promised Land

Eleanor Allen Schrepel

I am so excited that I found a photo of this woman!  This is Eleanor Allen, who married John Frederick Schrepel in 1865.  Their daughter Louisa Schrepel married John J. Downer their son John Albert Sr. is my Grandfather.
She was a Mormon Pioneer and part of the Martin Handcart company that walked 1200 miles from Iowa to Salt Lake City Utah and nearly didn’t survive! Continue reading

The Case for Elizabeth Gibson Being Daughter of Demarcus and MaryAnn Walker

Updated 11/2016, see below.

Many people have seen the 1850 Crawford County Missouri census with “my” Elizabeth Gibson and her three children (Hannah Parilee, Joseph Kelly and Willa Ann Gibson) living with Demarcus and MaryAnn Blevins Walker, and many have just assumed she was their grown daughter.

But we can’t make that assumption, especially because at the same time there is an E. (Emmaline) Arney living there too. She is a cousin to MaryAnn, likely looking for a husband among three eligible cousins and she does eventually marry the eldest Walker son in residence, George Washington Walker.
So we cannot assume that Elizabeth Gibson is their daughter. Continue reading

Up the Crabtree Tree

I thought I’d work on this line a bit-especially people I have photos of.
I found out through DNA testing of a male relative that while the paternal Crabtree NAME comes from West Yorkshire, England, the DNA is actually Scandinavian-probably Viking, probably from the time after the 900’s when the Vikings had a strong presence in much of eastern England.
Where I’ve always sort of ignored the paternal line-because it was boringly “English” I’m now curious-after all, it is where we get the really tall, long-faced bodies from, and one can hope just a little Viking toughness as well. This map (link) shows that the W. Yorkshire DNA is distinctively different from the Southern and Eastern British Isle DNA…As are the Welsh, Cornwall and Devon areas (which is my Whitecotton family-a post for another time)…

My great grandparents were Alexander Wilson Crabtree, Left, below. Center is Alexander’s wife, Alice Rosaline Goddard Crabtree. “Rosa” and Alex had 5 children, and then Alex died, of appendicitis, leaving Rosa with five children and extreme poverty.

Alexander Wilson Crabtree Alice Rosalin Goddard Crabtree  Sylvester Crabtree


Family stories have it that she was so poor she could not afford medicine when her kids got sick, so when she needed something she would ask someone going across the river to stop in with some Native folks that people called “the root diggers” and get some wild-harvested medicine. (That’s where I get my love of herbal medicine!) Rosa was also a midwife, not only to those being born, but sometimes to those dying as well.
After Alex died, Alex’s brother Sylvester (right, above) married Rosa. They had two more children, for a total of 7.
My dad used to say they had the “10 year club” going in the family. Rosa’s first son, my grandfather John Willis Crabtree, was born close to the end of 1886.
His full brother, Frank was born in 1897, and their half brother Thom was born in 1907.  Then in 1917, my grandfather had my Dad, so there was 10 years between each of them. Apparently my dad remembers this conversation while he and Thom were brushing their teeth around the cistern.

Alexander and Sylvester’s mother was Elizabeth Crabtree, born 1837.


Elizabeth(1) married Thomas M. Crabtree(2) and yes, they were 2nd cousins.

Elizabeth(1)’s father was William W.G. Crabtree(3), below.

William W.G.(3-note middle initial)’s father is William(5).




Thomas M (2)’s father is William T.(4-note middle initial).
William T (4)’s father was Thomas (6).

William(5) and Thomas (6) were sons of (you guessed it!) William and Ann Riley Crabtree.

If that’s as clear as mud, try the diagram, below.  Elizabeth and her husband/2nd cousin Thomas M. are on the right. They shared the same Great Grandparents. (Perhaps this accounts for their son Alexander being what looks like cross-eyed?)

Note also in the diagram below that one brother married a Sarah Flory and one married Sarah Flory Graham-they were likely also cousins, which, ugh, is just weird. Apparently there were no other dateable women except cousins?


Screen Shot 2015-06-05 at 7.47.59 PM


Uncles-Great Grandma and Uncle Thom, notes, part 2

I found a note written by me-a little paragraph told to me by my dad. It says Little Grandma (Rosa Crabtree) was a widow with seven children. With no doctor around she knew that just down the road on the other side of the Merrimack River was the 
“Root Diggers Nation” a group of Indians who ‘dug roots’ and used them for medicine, and apparently sold them to others too. If the Pennocks (a family who live near the Root Diggers) came by her house in their wagon she would ask them to get her some herbs for her and bring them next time they came by.

Speaking of Rosa, my cousin and I have shared stories about intuition and ghosts and such, and she is the one that told me that Rosa did see ghosts and would occasionally hear her front gate opening and would casually tell people that that was a ghost coming to visit. She once saw a ghost man and his ghost horse riding down the road, and remark to her daughter that she had seen him before and he was looking for his cows.

Regarding Uncle Thom, my father and he were very close, because although they were uncle and nephew they were only 10 years apart in age. My dad says he remembers being out at the cistern with Tom brushing their teeth with Colgate toothpaste and he was wetting his brush and a glass of water. Tom taught my dad how to brush his teeth properly.

Uncles-A letter from Uncle Thom

Uncle Thom (Thomas) was my Grandfather John Willis Crabtree’s baby brother.Thom Crabtree

Letter to Dorothy Braunsdorf and her mother, Alice (Alice’s mother is Lily, Tom’s half sister)
dated December 1, 1992, Tacoma, Washington

Dear Dottie and Alice,
I see I have several letters waiting to be answered and felt yours is the most important we always enjoy hearing from you.

(Here he goes on about what they had for Thanksgiving dinner.)
Anyway we had a delicious dinner including turkey and dressing….

Thanks for the interesting or maybe I should say “cute letters” from our(1) great great grandma Goddard. I never knew her but I know our(2) grandpa Goddard was a character. I remember when he died. I was a kid 10 years old and he died a very painful death from gangrene of his foot I remember asking him how his foot felt and he said “it burns like fire”.
Alice Rosaline Goddard CrabtreeI recall a number of family members who return to our little house there and Bourbon so my little mom could nurse them through their final illness. There must’ve been six or eight of them through the years, uncles aunts and cousins. She was a woman whose heart was so big she just couldn’t say no to anybody who needed her care.

And I doubt she ever received a five dollar bill from anybody she helped. I feel sure you are aware that for several years she acted as the community midwife of Bourbon and I’m sure that during that time she rarely ever was paid for her services. And I will always remember getting up as a kid and asking about mom only to be told “Oh, Mrs. _____ needed her and they came and got her about 4 o’clock” (in the morning). Come to think about it if she was still living today (December 1) it would be her 128th birthday.
But enough of this.


Ernest Sylvester "Pooge" Crabtree I have one mother(3) that I wonder if you know about. Do you have any info about the life of my brother Ernest-commonly called “Pooge”? (4) During World War I while in the service he was assigned to a battery of engineers and shipped to Babylon, Long Island, New York. I have no idea how long he was stationed there possibly a year or more. During this time he met a nice local girl, fell in love and they produced a daughter.
For some time he kept this quiet and often he was shipped back from there he never wrote the girl. He had very little formal schooling (my guess would be around the third grade level) but somehow she got our address there in Bourbon and wrote to our mom. She immediately made Pooge fess up and tell her the whole story. I never heard anymore but I’m sure the mother never came to Bourbon and Pooge never went back to New York. And I never heard anything more about the girl so he so have no idea where she is or what became of her.
So much for any contribution to family history.
Considering the state of my health I am well aware I might kick off any time but we hope you and your mom will have the happiest Christmas ever and we hope the new year will be the best you can remember.
Take care and keep in touch.
Love always Tom and Dodie

P.S. thanks for all the info about family history. I do appreciate your efforts.
T. C.

1-I am pretty sure that when Tom is talking about “OUR” great great grandma, he means Dorothy’s, because this is literally one generation talking to the two below him-his niece and great niece. He is referring to his MOTHER, Alice Rosaline Goddard Crabtree. The story I was told was when she needed to treat an illness she would go across the river (Merrimac) and buy herbs for medicine from the “Root Diggers” (native people in S.E. Missouri.
In another Note from Thom he says: “For quite a long time she (his mother) was the community’s number one midwife and must’ve delivered 25 babies during that time. She was also the number one practical nurse during the time, and would never deny her help to anyone who needed her. Despite the fact she rarely ever was paid any cash. Mostly chickens or eggs or some kind of fruit or canned goods. In view of the life she lived in all the kindnesses she did for just about anybody who needed her, someone, maybe you, should write a book about her…”

2-When he talks about “OUR” grandfather, he is talking about HIS Grandfather, John Willis Goddard. So Thom would have been 12 when he died.

3-He doesn’t mean his literal mother-he means a mother in his files.

4-Ernest never married. He had a severe drinking problem and had difficulty holding a job for any length of time.

Note re. John Willis Goddard:
According to Tom, his grandpa Goddard was a very outspoken Republican, who served in the Missouri militia for a matter of some weeks, with ____ at Rolla, and at one time fired a Frisco locomotive between Stanton and Rolla.

Notes about Thom himself:
Tom was born in 1907, and somehow was able to travel from border to border and coast-to-coast by train, during the depression years in the 1930s. He said he enjoyed every mile of it. He said he rode in coaches (chair cars if he was lucky) and had meals in the diner car, which was quite a thrill for poor country boy. 
He and his wife Dorothy had no children, but he was very fond of all his nieces, nephews and great nieces and nephews.
Frank CrabtreeWhen I lived in Bangor, Washington, 1983-1986, my first husband, Brad, and I would go visit them for Thanksgiving Dinner. Uncle Frank, from Douglas, AZ was present at one of these dinners, and they gave me a copy of John Willis Goddard’s diary. I was reading through it, looking at dates when I discovered there were only about four months between the time when he married Hannah Parilee Gibson, and their daughter Alice Rosaline (Thom and Frank’s mother) was born. I said “Hey, wait a minute! My mom told me stuff like that didn’t happen back then!” and they ROARED with laughter.

Side Note:
Thom and Frank always had fun with the fact that Frank was born in 1897, Thom (his half brother) in 1907, and their older brother John’s boy John (my dad) born in 1917. That’s how they could always tell their ages, by how old the other one was plus or minus ten years.

Basic Family Chart

I’ve made a basic “Fan Chart” here, with myself in the middle, and showing my mother and father, grandparents and great grandparents.
This is the chart I will use to reference all biographies of specific people in my ancestry.
For instance, if I want to do a “spotlight” on Nancy Raines, from whom all the Welsh and European royalty come, I will reference this fan chart by saying, “Nancy Raines, ancestor of Christina Whitecotton.” So I will always refer to one of the people on this chart, so that everyone can get some idea of which “branch” of the tree we’re talking about.

One of the reasons for only going this far on the chart is that my maternal grandmother’s families are a mystery, beyond what is here. In genealogy they call this “a brick wall” because we can’t see or find information behind it.
On the other hand, I call Christina Whitecotton, descendent of Nancy Raines a “Jackpot” or “Mother Lode” because when I tapped into Nancy Raines’ parents, I tapped into genealogies going back to in some cases 700 AD!

Note to nieces and nephews (not greats) the center dot (me) represents HALF of your genealogy. If I live long enough I might get to your other halves…but for now, that’s on you.

If anyone reading this recognizes someone that they’d like my information, please contact me here. I am new to gedcom files, etc. and have just loaded my info onto GEDMATCH.Com, I also have a profile on so I should be able to share what I have, and in turn, if you see something you think I might not have, or have not posted about yet, please let me know!

Click on the chart below for a larger version:

Family Genealogy Fan Chart